Scenario / Questions

I’ve had some significant difficulties figuring out how exactly to download a file with PowerShell under Nano Server.

The challenge is the following:

  • There is no Invoke-WebRequest

  • There is no System.Net.WebClient

  • There is no Start-BitsTransfer

  • There is no bitsadmin

Does anyone know how to do this (seemingly simple) task?

Find below all possible solutions or suggestions for the above questions..

Suggestion: 1

There is an example here of downloading a zip file using PowerShell on Nano, you might have to modify it a bit for your purposes;

(from here: https://docs.asp.net/en/latest/tutorials/nano-server.html#installing-the-asp-net-core-module-ancm)

$SourcePath = "https://dotnetcli.blob.core.windows.net/dotnet/beta/Binaries/Latest/dotnet-win-x64.latest.zip"
$DestinationPath = "C:\dotnet"

$EditionId = (Get-ItemProperty -Path 'HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion' -Name 'EditionID').EditionId

if (($EditionId -eq "ServerStandardNano") -or
    ($EditionId -eq "ServerDataCenterNano") -or
    ($EditionId -eq "NanoServer") -or
    ($EditionId -eq "ServerTuva")) {

    $TempPath = [System.IO.Path]::GetTempFileName()
    if (($SourcePath -as [System.URI]).AbsoluteURI -ne $null)
    {
        $handler = New-Object System.Net.Http.HttpClientHandler
        $client = New-Object System.Net.Http.HttpClient($handler)
        $client.Timeout = New-Object System.TimeSpan(0, 30, 0)
        $cancelTokenSource = [System.Threading.CancellationTokenSource]::new()
        $responseMsg = $client.GetAsync([System.Uri]::new($SourcePath), $cancelTokenSource.Token)
        $responseMsg.Wait()
        if (!$responseMsg.IsCanceled)
        {
            $response = $responseMsg.Result
            if ($response.IsSuccessStatusCode)
            {
                $downloadedFileStream = [System.IO.FileStream]::new($TempPath, [System.IO.FileMode]::Create, [System.IO.FileAccess]::Write)
                $copyStreamOp = $response.Content.CopyToAsync($downloadedFileStream)
                $copyStreamOp.Wait()
                $downloadedFileStream.Close()
                if ($copyStreamOp.Exception -ne $null)
                {
                    throw $copyStreamOp.Exception
                }
            }
        }
    }
    else
    {
        throw "Cannot copy from $SourcePath"
    }
    [System.IO.Compression.ZipFile]::ExtractToDirectory($TempPath, $DestinationPath)
    Remove-Item $TempPath
}

Suggestion: 2

Invoke-WebRequest was added to nanoserver as part of the September 26, 2016 Cumulative Update for Windows Server 2016.

Suggestion: 3

It’s crazy that a server OS designed to power cloud workloads doesn’t have in-built convenient method for a simple REST/Web request :O

Anyway, you can try this powershell script wget.ps1 which is a modification of the one from Microsoft. Copy-pasting here for convenience

<#
.SYNOPSIS
    Downloads a file
.DESCRIPTION
    Downloads a file
.PARAMETER Url
    URL to file/resource to download
.PARAMETER Filename
    file to save it as locally
.EXAMPLE
    C:\PS> .\wget.ps1 https://dist.nuget.org/win-x86-commandline/latest/nuget.exe
#>

Param(
  [Parameter(Position=0,mandatory=$true)]
  [string]$Url,
  [string]$Filename = ''
)

# Get filename
if (!$Filename) {
    $Filename = [System.IO.Path]::GetFileName($Url)    
}

Write-Host "Download: $Url to $Filename"

# Make absolute local path
if (![System.IO.Path]::IsPathRooted($Filename)) {
    $FilePath = Join-Path (Get-Item -Path ".\" -Verbose).FullName $Filename
}

if (($Url -as [System.URI]).AbsoluteURI -ne $null)
{
    # Download the bits
    $handler = New-Object System.Net.Http.HttpClientHandler
    $client = New-Object System.Net.Http.HttpClient($handler)
    $client.Timeout = New-Object System.TimeSpan(0, 30, 0)
    $cancelTokenSource = [System.Threading.CancellationTokenSource]::new()
    $responseMsg = $client.GetAsync([System.Uri]::new($Url), $cancelTokenSource.Token)
    $responseMsg.Wait()
    if (!$responseMsg.IsCanceled)
    {
        $response = $responseMsg.Result
        if ($response.IsSuccessStatusCode)
        {
            $downloadedFileStream = [System.IO.FileStream]::new($FilePath, [System.IO.FileMode]::Create, [System.IO.FileAccess]::Write)

            $copyStreamOp = $response.Content.CopyToAsync($downloadedFileStream)
            # TODO: Progress bar? Total size?
            Write-Host "Downloading ..."
            $copyStreamOp.Wait()

            $downloadedFileStream.Close()
            if ($copyStreamOp.Exception -ne $null)
            {
                throw $copyStreamOp.Exception
            }
        }
    }
}
else
{
    throw "Cannot download from $Url"
}