Automating Kubernetes with Ansible: A Beginner Tutorial

Automating Kubernetes with Ansible: A Beginner Tutorial

Embarking on the journey of Kubernetes can be both exciting and challenging for beginners. As your containerized applications grow, so does the need for efficient management. This is where Ansible, a powerful automation tool, comes into play. In this tutorial, we will explore how to automate Kubernetes using Ansible, providing step-by-step guidance for those new to this dynamic duo.


Before diving into the world of automation, ensure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  1. Ansible Installed: If not installed, you can use the following command:

    sudo apt install ansible # Use an appropriate package manager for your system
  2. Kubernetes Cluster: Set up a basic Kubernetes cluster. You can use tools like Minikube or kind for a local environment.

  3. Ansible Inventory: Create an Ansible inventory file with details of your Kubernetes cluster nodes.

Getting Started with Ansible and Kubernetes:

1. Ansible Playbooks for Kubernetes:

Create your first Ansible playbook to interact with Kubernetes. Save the following content in a file named k8s_deploy.yml:

- hosts: k8s_cluster
- name: Deploy Nginx Pod
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
name: nginx-pod
- name: nginx-container
image: nginx:latest

2. Running the Ansible Playbook:

Execute the playbook using the following command:

ansible-playbook -i /path/to/ansible/inventory/file k8s_deploy.yml

Replace /path/to/ansible/inventory/file with the actual path to your Ansible inventory file.

3. Verifying the Deployment:

Check if the Nginx pod is deployed in your Kubernetes cluster:

kubectl get pods

Advanced Automation:

4. Dynamic Inventories:

Explore dynamic inventories for Kubernetes by utilizing the k8s_info Ansible module. Update your inventory file to include dynamic inventory:

plugin: k8s
- name
- labels
- annotations
ansible_host: ip
pod_ip: status.podIP

5. Templating with Jinja2:

Enhance your playbook by using Jinja2 templates. Create a template file (nginx-deployment.j2) with dynamic values:

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
name: nginx-deployment
replicas: {{ <span>replicas</span> }}
app: nginx
app: nginx
- name: nginx-container
image: nginx:latest

Update the playbook to use the template:

- hosts: k8s_cluster
replicas: 3
- name: Deploy Nginx Deployment
state: present
definition: "{{ lookup('template', 'nginx-deployment.j2') }}"

Automating Kubernetes with Ansible opens the door to streamlined operations and efficient management of your containerized applications. As you progress in your journey, explore more Ansible modules, templates, and advanced automation techniques.

Related Searches and Questions asked:

  • Getting Started with Ansible for Kubernetes Deployment
  • Step-by-Step Guide: Using Ansible to Manage Kubernetes
  • Ansible: The Key to Streamlining AWS Operations
  • Leveraging Ansible for Efficient AWS Resource Provisioning
  • That's it for this topic, Hope this article is useful. Thanks for Visiting us.