A Beginner's Guide to Setting up Pure-FTPd Server on Ubuntu 20.04

A Beginner

Setting up an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) server is a fundamental step for anyone looking to efficiently manage file transfers between computers. Pure-FTPd is a lightweight and secure FTP server that's easy to install and configure. In this guide, we'll walk you through the process of setting up Pure-FTPd on Ubuntu 20.04, providing step-by-step instructions and useful examples to ensure a smooth setup.

  1. Installing Pure-FTPd:

    To begin, let's install Pure-FTPd on your Ubuntu 20.04 system. Open your terminal and enter the following command:

    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install pure-ftpd

    This will update your package list and install Pure-FTPd on your machine.

  2. Creating a System User for FTP:

    Pure-FTPd requires a dedicated system user to manage FTP connections. Create a new user using the following command:

    sudo adduser ftpuser

    Follow the prompts to set a password and other user details.

  3. Configuring Pure-FTPd:

    Now, let's configure Pure-FTPd to use our newly created user. Open the configuration file using a text editor:

    sudo nano /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/PureDB

    Change the line to use the system user we created:

    echo "yes" | sudo tee -a /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/PureDB

    Save the changes and exit the text editor.

  4. Creating a Virtual User:

    If you prefer virtual users instead of system users, Pure-FTPd supports that as well. Create a virtual user by running:

    sudo pure-pw useradd newftpuser -u ftpuser -d /path/to/ftp/folder
    sudo pure-pw mkdb

    Replace newftpuser with your desired username and adjust the directory path accordingly.

  5. Starting Pure-FTPd:

    Start the Pure-FTPd service to apply the changes:

    sudo systemctl start pure-ftpd

    To enable Pure-FTPd to start on boot, run:

    sudo systemctl enable pure-ftpd

    Your FTP server is now up and running.

  6. Testing the FTP Connection:

    Use an FTP client to connect to your server. Enter the server's IP address or hostname, your username, and password.

    ftp your-server-ip

    Replace your-server-ip with the actual IP address of your server.

More Examples:

  • Setting up SSL/TLS:

    For added security, you can configure Pure-FTPd to use SSL/TLS. Generate a certificate using the following command:

    sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem

    Update the Pure-FTPd configuration file to use the certificate:

    sudo echo "2" | sudo tee -a /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/TLS

    Restart Pure-FTPd for the changes to take effect:

    sudo systemctl restart pure-ftpd

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