Configuring Vsftpd Server on RHEL 7

Configuring Vsftpd Server on RHEL 7

Setting up an FTP server is a crucial task for many system administrators, and on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 (RHEL 7), the Very Secure FTP Daemon (Vsftpd) is a popular choice. Vsftpd is known for its security features and ease of configuration, making it an excellent choice for securely transferring files over a network. In this article, we will guide you through the process of configuring the Vsftpd server on RHEL 7.

Installing Vsftpd:

Before configuring Vsftpd, ensure that it is installed on your RHEL 7 system. Open a terminal and run the following command to install Vsftpd:

sudo yum install vsftpd

Starting and Enabling Vsftpd:

Once installed, start the Vsftpd service and enable it to start at boot:

sudo systemctl start vsftpd
sudo systemctl enable vsftpd

Configuring Vsftpd:

Navigate to the Vsftpd configuration file using a text editor. The configuration file is located at /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf:

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf

Key Configuration Settings:

  • Anonymous FTP:
    To allow or disallow anonymous FTP, locate the following line and set it accordingly:

  • Local Users:
    To enable local users to log in, ensure the following line is set to YES:

  • Write Access:
    Allow or deny write access to local users:

  • Chroot Jail:
    To restrict local users to their home directories, uncomment or add the following line:


Save and exit the configuration file.

Restarting Vsftpd:

After making changes to the configuration file, restart the Vsftpd service for the changes to take effect:

sudo systemctl restart vsftpd

Firewall Configuration:

If you have a firewall enabled, you need to allow FTP traffic. Run the following commands to open the necessary ports:

sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-service=ftp --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Testing the Configuration:

To ensure that the Vsftpd server is configured correctly, try connecting to it using an FTP client. Use the IP address or hostname of your RHEL 7 system and the credentials of a valid user.

ftp <your_server_ip_or_hostname>

Enter the username and password when prompted. If the connection is successful, you have successfully configured the Vsftpd server on RHEL 7.

Additional Tips and Examples:

  • Virtual Users:
    Vsftpd supports virtual users. You can configure virtual users by creating a virtual user database and updating the configuration file accordingly.

  • TLS/SSL Encryption:
    For enhanced security, consider configuring Vsftpd to use TLS/SSL encryption. Generate SSL certificates and update the Vsftpd configuration file with the paths to the certificates.

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