How Do I Check My DNS Settings in Linux?

How Do I Check My DNS Settings in Linux?

In the vast realm of Linux, understanding and managing your DNS (Domain Name System) settings is crucial for a smooth and efficient networking experience. Whether you're troubleshooting connectivity issues or just curious about the current DNS configuration on your Linux system, this guide will walk you through the process of checking your DNS settings.

  1. Checking DNS Configuration with resolv.conf:

    The resolv.conf file is a key component in managing DNS settings on Linux. To examine its contents, open a terminal and use the following command:

    cat /etc/resolv.conf

    This will display the DNS configuration, including the IP addresses of your DNS servers.

  2. Using dig to Query DNS Information:

    The dig command is a powerful tool for querying DNS information. To check your DNS settings with dig, use the following command:


    Replace "" with the domain you want to query. The output will provide detailed information about the DNS resolution process.

  3. Checking DNS Using nslookup:

    Another handy tool for DNS-related queries is nslookup. Execute the following command to check the DNS settings:


    Similar to dig, replace "" with the desired domain.

Step-by-Step Instructions:

  1. Open Terminal:
    Launch a terminal on your Linux system. You can typically find it in your applications menu or use a keyboard shortcut like Ctrl + Alt + T.

  2. Check resolv.conf:
    Use the cat command to display the contents of the resolv.conf file:

    cat /etc/resolv.conf

    Look for lines beginning with "nameserver" followed by IP addresses. These are your DNS servers.

  3. Use dig for Detailed Information:
    Query DNS information using the dig command. For example:


    Analyze the output for details like the query time, IP addresses, and authoritative servers.

  4. Utilize nslookup for DNS Queries:
    Employ the nslookup command to check DNS settings:


    Examine the output for information on the DNS resolution process.

More Examples:

  • Check Specific DNS Server:
    To query a specific DNS server using dig, use the following syntax:

    dig @dns_server_ip

    Replace "dns_server_ip" with the actual IP address of the DNS server.

  • Reverse DNS Lookup:
    Perform a reverse DNS lookup to find the associated domain for a given IP address:

    dig -x ip_address

    Replace "ip_address" with the IP you want to look up.

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