How to Install Linux on Virtual Machine in Windows 10?

How to Install Linux on Virtual Machine in Windows 10?

In the ever-evolving landscape of operating systems, the marriage of Windows 10 and Linux within a virtual environment offers a powerful synergy for users seeking the best of both worlds. Installing Linux on a Virtual Machine (VM) running on Windows 10 provides a flexible and efficient way to explore the open-source universe without compromising the familiarity of the Windows interface. In this guide, we'll walk you through the process step by step, ensuring a seamless integration of Linux into your Windows environment.

Step 1: Choose Your Virtualization Software

Before diving into the installation process, it's crucial to select a reliable virtualization software. Options like Oracle VM VirtualBox, VMware Workstation Player, and Hyper-V are popular choices. For the purpose of this guide, we'll use Oracle VM VirtualBox, a user-friendly and feature-rich platform.

Step 2: Download and Install Oracle VM VirtualBox

  1. Head over to the official VirtualBox website and download the latest version compatible with your Windows 10 system.

  2. Follow the installation wizard, accepting the default settings unless you have specific preferences.

Step 3: Download a Linux Distribution ISO

Now, you'll need to choose a Linux distribution and download its ISO file. Popular choices include Ubuntu, Fedora, and Debian. Visit the respective official websites and download the ISO file of your preferred distribution.

Step 4: Create a New Virtual Machine

  1. Open VirtualBox and click on the "New" button.

  2. Enter a name for your virtual machine, select "Linux" as the type, and choose the version that matches your Linux distribution.

  3. Allocate a suitable amount of RAM for your virtual machine, considering the requirements of both the host system and the Linux distribution.

  4. Create a virtual hard disk. Choose the recommended size or customize it based on your needs.

Step 5: Attach the Linux ISO to the Virtual Machine

  1. With your virtual machine selected, click on "Settings."

  2. Navigate to the "Storage" tab.

  3. Under the "Controller: IDE" section, click on the empty disk icon.

  4. In the Attributes section, click on the disk icon next to "Optical Drive" and select "Choose a disk file."

  5. Locate and select the Linux ISO you downloaded.

Step 6: Start the Virtual Machine

  1. Back in the VirtualBox main window, select your virtual machine and click on "Start."

  2. The virtual machine will boot from the Linux ISO.

  3. Follow the on-screen instructions to install Linux, choosing your language, keyboard layout, and other preferences.

  4. When prompted, select the virtual hard disk you created earlier as the installation destination.

Step 7: Complete the Linux Installation

  1. Allow the Linux installation process to complete. This may take some time depending on your system and the chosen distribution.

  2. Once the installation is finished, the virtual machine will prompt you to remove the installation media. Click on the "Enter" key.

  3. Your virtual machine will restart, and you'll be greeted by the Linux login screen.

Step 8: Explore and Enjoy Linux on Windows 10

Congratulations! You've successfully installed Linux on a Virtual Machine running on Windows 10. You can now explore the Linux environment, run commands, install software, and experience the vast world of open-source possibilities without leaving your Windows ecosystem.

More Examples:

  • Using VMware Workstation Player:
    If you opted for VMware Workstation Player, the process is similar. Follow the software-specific steps while keeping the overall procedure in mind.

  • Advanced Configurations:
    Explore VirtualBox or your chosen virtualization software's settings to customize your virtual machine further. Adjust the number of processors, enable 3D acceleration, or allocate additional resources based on your requirements.

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