How to Install Linux on Virtual Machine Windows 10?

How to Install Linux on Virtual Machine Windows 10?

In the ever-evolving landscape of technology, the ability to run multiple operating systems on a single machine has become not just a luxury but a necessity for many. One popular method to achieve this is by installing Linux on a Virtual Machine (VM) within a Windows 10 environment. This article will guide you through the step-by-step process, ensuring a seamless integration of Linux alongside your Windows operating system.

Getting Started:

Before delving into the installation process, it's crucial to have the necessary tools ready. Ensure you have a stable internet connection, sufficient disk space, and a virtualization-capable CPU. Additionally, download a reputable virtualization software; in this guide, we'll use Oracle VM VirtualBox.

Step 1: Download and Install VirtualBox:

Visit the official Oracle VM VirtualBox website ( and download the latest version compatible with your Windows 10 system. Follow the installation wizard, accepting the default settings unless you have specific preferences.

Step 2: Download a Linux Distribution:

Select a Linux distribution based on your preferences and requirements. Popular choices include Ubuntu, Fedora, or Debian. Download the ISO file from the respective distribution's official website.

Step 3: Create a New Virtual Machine:

  1. Open VirtualBox and click on the "New" button.
  2. Enter a name for your virtual machine and select "Linux" as the type. Choose "Ubuntu" as the version if you're using an Ubuntu ISO; otherwise, select the appropriate version.
  3. Allocate memory (RAM) for your VM. Ensure it's within the green zone for optimal performance.
  4. Create a virtual hard disk now and choose the default VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image).
  5. Opt for a dynamically allocated disk to save space on your host machine.

Step 4: Attach Linux ISO to Virtual Machine:

  1. With the new VM selected, click on "Settings."
  2. Navigate to the "Storage" tab.
  3. Under "Controller: IDE," click on the empty disk icon next to "Controller: IDE" and choose "Choose a disk file."
  4. Locate and select the Linux ISO file you downloaded earlier.

Step 5: Install Linux:

  1. Start the VM by clicking "Start" with the VM selected.
  2. The VM will boot from the Linux ISO.
  3. Follow the on-screen instructions to install Linux on the virtual hard disk.

Step 6: Post-Installation Configurations:

  1. Once the installation is complete, eject the ISO from the virtual optical drive.
  2. Restart the VM.
  3. Log in to your newly installed Linux system.

More Examples:

If you encounter issues or want to explore alternative configurations, consider these advanced options:

  • Shared Folders: Set up shared folders to easily transfer files between your Windows host and Linux guest.
  • Snapshot: Before making significant changes, take a snapshot to create a restore point.
  • Network Configuration: Adjust network settings to ensure seamless internet connectivity within the virtual machine.

Related Searches and Questions asked:

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