Setting up an FTP Server on CentOS 8

Setting up an FTP Server on CentOS 8

Setting up an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) server on CentOS 8 is a fundamental skill for system administrators and users looking to efficiently share and transfer files over a network. FTP provides a secure and reliable means of transmitting files, making it an essential component of many networked environments. In this guide, we will walk through the step-by-step process of setting up an FTP server on CentOS 8, empowering you to streamline file transfers within your network.


Before diving into the installation and configuration, ensure that you have:

  1. CentOS 8 Server: A dedicated server or virtual machine running CentOS 8.
  2. Root or Sudo Access: Access to the server with root or sudo privileges.

Step 1: Update System Packages

Always start by ensuring that your system is up-to-date. Open a terminal and execute the following commands:

sudo dnf update

Step 2: Install vsftpd

To set up the FTP server, we will use vsftpd (Very Secure FTP Daemon), a lightweight and secure FTP server for Unix-like systems. Install it with:

sudo dnf install vsftpd

Step 3: Start and Enable vsftpd

Once installed, start the vsftpd service and enable it to start on boot:

sudo systemctl start vsftpd
sudo systemctl enable vsftpd

Step 4: Configure Firewall

Allow FTP traffic through the firewall:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=ftp
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Step 5: Create a User for FTP Access

Create a dedicated user for FTP access. Replace ftpuser with your desired username:

sudo adduser ftpuser

Step 6: Set Password for the FTP User

Set a password for the newly created user:

sudo passwd ftpuser

Step 7: Configure vsftpd

Edit the vsftpd configuration file to customize settings:

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf

Ensure the following lines are uncommented:


Save and exit the editor.

Step 8: Restart vsftpd

Restart the vsftpd service to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl restart vsftpd

Step 9: Test FTP Connection

Use an FTP client like FileZilla to connect to your server using the FTP user credentials created earlier. Confirm a successful connection.

Congratulations! You've successfully set up an FTP server on CentOS 8.

Additional Tips:

  • Creating Virtual Users: Explore the use of virtual users for added security.
  • FTP Encryption: Implement FTP over TLS for secure file transfers.

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