Setting up an FTP Server on Ubuntu 22.04
In the vast landscape of server administration, one fundamental task is setting up a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server. This article will guide you through the process of establishing an FTP server on Ubuntu 22.04, ensuring a seamless and secure method of file sharing. Follow the steps below to empower your Ubuntu system with FTP capabilities.
Step 1: Installing vsftpd
To kickstart the process, open your terminal and install the
vsftpd package, which is a lightweight and secure FTP server for Unix-like systems.
sudo apt update
sudo apt install vsftpd
Step 2: Configuring vsftpd
Now that you have the FTP server installed, it's time to configure it. Open the configuration file in a text editor:
sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
Make sure to adjust the following parameters:
Save and exit the editor. This configuration will allow local users to log in, enable write permissions, and restrict users to their home directories.
Step 3: Restarting vsftpd
Once the configuration is updated, restart the vsftpd service for the changes to take effect.
sudo service vsftpd restart
Step 4: Firewall Configuration
If you have a firewall enabled, allow FTP traffic through the firewall.
sudo ufw allow 20/tcp
sudo ufw allow 21/tcp
sudo ufw reload
Step 5: Creating FTP User Accounts
To grant access to your FTP server, create user accounts and set passwords:
sudo adduser ftpuser
sudo passwd ftpuser
Step 6: Testing the FTP Server
To ensure everything is set up correctly, connect to your FTP server using an FTP client. You can use the
ftp command in the terminal:
Enter the FTP username and password when prompted.
Creating a New Directory
Once connected, create a new directory on the server:
Uploading a File
Upload a file from your local machine to the server:
Downloading a File
Download a file from the server to your local machine:
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