Setting up Pure-FTPd Server on Linux RHEL 8
Setting up an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) server is a crucial step in facilitating efficient file sharing and management on a Linux server. In this guide, we'll walk through the process of installing and configuring Pure-FTPd Server on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8 system. Pure-FTPd is a lightweight and secure FTP server known for its simplicity and ease of use.
Before we begin, ensure that you have:
- A RHEL 8 server with root or sudo access.
- A stable internet connection to download the necessary packages.
Step 1: Update System Packages
First, let's make sure your system is up-to-date by running the following commands:
sudo dnf update
Step 2: Install Pure-FTPd
Use the package manager to install Pure-FTPd:
sudo dnf install pure-ftpd
Step 3: Start Pure-FTPd Service
After installation, start the Pure-FTPd service:
sudo systemctl start pure-ftpd
Step 4: Enable Pure-FTPd to Start on Boot
To ensure that Pure-FTPd starts automatically upon system boot, run:
sudo systemctl enable pure-ftpd
Step 5: Firewall Configuration
If you are using a firewall, allow FTP traffic. The default FTP control port is 21:
sudo firewall-cmd --add-service=ftp --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Step 6: Create FTP User Accounts
Create FTP user accounts with the
pure-pw command. Replace
<username> with your desired username:
sudo pure-pw useradd <username> -u ftpuser -d /path/to/directory
sudo pure-pw mkdb
Step 7: Create Virtual Users
Pure-FTPd supports virtual users. Create a virtual user using the following command:
sudo pure-pw useradd <virtual_user> -f /etc/pure-ftpd/pureftpd.passwd -m -u ftpuser -d /path/to/directory
sudo pure-pw mkdb
Step 8: Configure Pure-FTPd
Edit the Pure-FTPd configuration file to customize settings:
sudo nano /etc/pure-ftpd/pure-ftpd.conf
Adjust parameters such as
AnonymousOnly to suit your security preferences.
Step 9: Restart Pure-FTPd
After making changes, restart Pure-FTPd for the configurations to take effect:
sudo systemctl restart pure-ftpd
Pure-FTPd logs are stored in
/var/log/pure-ftpd/pure-ftpd.log. Monitor this file for any issues.
For secure FTP connections, consider configuring TLS/SSL. Refer to the Pure-FTPd documentation for detailed instructions.
Congratulations! You have successfully set up Pure-FTPd Server on your RHEL 8 system. This FTP server provides a reliable and secure file transfer solution for your Linux environment. Customize the configuration further based on your specific requirements.
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