Setting Up vsftpd Server on CentOS 8

Setting Up vsftpd Server on CentOS 8

Setting up an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) server is essential for efficient file sharing and management within a network. In this guide, we'll explore the process of installing and configuring vsftpd (Very Secure FTP Daemon) on CentOS 8, a popular Linux distribution known for its stability and security features. Whether you're managing a personal server or a corporate network, vsftpd provides a robust and secure solution for file transfers.

Installing vsftpd:

The first step in setting up vsftpd on CentOS 8 is to install the software. Open your terminal and run the following command:

sudo dnf install vsftpd

This command will prompt you to enter your password and then proceed to download and install vsftpd and its dependencies.

Enabling and Starting the vsftpd Service:

Once the installation is complete, enable and start the vsftpd service to ensure it runs automatically on system boot. Execute the following commands:

sudo systemctl enable vsftpd
sudo systemctl start vsftpd

These commands enable the vsftpd service and start it immediately. You can verify its status using:

sudo systemctl status vsftpd

If everything is configured correctly, you should see an active status indicating that vsftpd is running.

Configuring vsftpd:

The vsftpd configuration file is located at /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf. Use a text editor of your choice, such as nano or vim, to modify the configuration:

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf

Inside the configuration file, you can customize various settings according to your requirements. Some common configurations include:

  • Anonymous FTP:
    To enable or disable anonymous FTP, find and modify the following line:

  • Local User Access:
    Allow local users to access the FTP server by ensuring the following line is uncommented:


Save the changes and exit the text editor.

Firewall Configuration:

If you have a firewall enabled, you'll need to open the FTP port (default is 21). Use the following commands:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=ftp
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

These commands allow traffic on the FTP port, ensuring that vsftpd can accept incoming connections.

Testing the FTP Server:

To test your vsftpd server, you can use an FTP client like FileZilla or the command-line FTP client. Connect to the server using its IP address or hostname, and provide your login credentials when prompted.

ftp your_server_ip

Enter your username and password, and you should be successfully connected.

Setting up a vsftpd server on CentOS 8 provides a secure and efficient way to transfer files within your network. By following these steps, you've established a foundation for secure file sharing, and you can further customize the configuration to meet your specific needs.

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