Setting up Vsftpd Server on RHEL 7

Setting up Vsftpd Server on RHEL 7

In the world of server administration, the importance of secure and efficient file transfer cannot be overstated. Vsftpd, which stands for "Very Secure FTP Daemon," is a robust and secure FTP server that ensures smooth file transfers while prioritizing security. If you're working with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 (RHEL 7), setting up Vsftpd can be a straightforward process, and this article will guide you through the steps.

  1. Installation of Vsftpd:

    The first step is to install the Vsftpd package on your RHEL 7 system. Open a terminal and use the following command:

    sudo yum install vsftpd

    This will prompt you to confirm the installation. Press 'y' and hit Enter to proceed.

  2. Start and Enable Vsftpd:

    Once the installation is complete, start the Vsftpd service and enable it to start at boot:

    sudo systemctl start vsftpd
    sudo systemctl enable vsftpd

    These commands initiate the Vsftpd service and ensure it starts automatically with each system reboot.

  3. Configuring Vsftpd:

    Vsftpd's configuration file is located at /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf. Open it in a text editor such as 'vi' or 'nano':

    sudo nano /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf

    Customize the configuration according to your needs. For example, to allow anonymous users, set anonymous_enable=YES. Save the changes and exit the editor.

  4. Firewall Configuration:

    If your system has a firewall enabled, open the FTP port (default is 21) to allow incoming connections:

    sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=21/tcp
    sudo firewall-cmd --reload

    This ensures that external clients can establish FTP connections to your server.

  5. User Access Control:

    To grant FTP access to specific users, create user accounts and set their shell to /bin/bash or another valid shell:

    sudo useradd -m -s /bin/bash ftpuser
    sudo passwd ftpuser

    Adjust the username ('ftpuser' in this example) as needed.

  6. Restart Vsftpd:

    After making changes to the configuration, restart the Vsftpd service for the changes to take effect:

    sudo systemctl restart vsftpd

    This ensures that the updated configuration is applied.

More Examples:

  • Enforcing SSL/TLS:

    For enhanced security, consider configuring Vsftpd to use SSL/TLS. Generate a self-signed SSL certificate:

    sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.key -out /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.crt

    Update the Vsftpd configuration file to enable SSL/TLS:


    Restart Vsftpd after these changes.

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