How to Setup Prometheus Node Exporter on Kubernetes

How to Setup Prometheus Node Exporter on Kubernetes

In the dynamic world of Kubernetes, monitoring and observability are paramount for ensuring the health and performance of your applications. One essential tool for achieving this is Prometheus, a robust open-source monitoring and alerting toolkit. To gather vital system metrics from Kubernetes nodes, Prometheus uses Node Exporter. In this article, we will guide you through the process of setting up Prometheus Node Exporter on a Kubernetes cluster, ensuring you have the insights needed to keep your infrastructure running smoothly.


Before diving into the setup process, ensure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  1. A running Kubernetes cluster
  2. kubectl command-line tool installed
  3. Helm package manager installed

Step 1: Deploy Prometheus Operator

To get started, deploy the Prometheus Operator using Helm. Run the following commands:

helm repo add prometheus-community
helm repo update
helm install prometheus prometheus-community/prometheus-operator

Step 2: Create Prometheus Node Exporter Custom Resource

Now, create a custom resource for Prometheus Node Exporter. This YAML file defines the configuration for the Node Exporter. Save the following content to a file named prometheus-node-exporter-values.yaml:

enabled: true
release: prometheus

Apply the custom resource:

kubectl apply -f prometheus-node-exporter-values.yaml

Step 3: Deploy Prometheus Node Exporter

Use Helm to deploy Prometheus Node Exporter:

helm install prometheus-node-exporter prometheus-community/prometheus-node-exporter -f prometheus-node-exporter-values.yaml

Step 4: Verify Installation

Check if the Node Exporter pods are running:

kubectl get pods -l "app=prometheus-node-exporter"

Step 5: Accessing Metrics

By default, Prometheus Node Exporter metrics are exposed on port 9100. To access these metrics, you can use port forwarding:

kubectl port-forward service/prometheus-node-exporter 9100

Now, open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost:9100/metrics to view the Node Exporter metrics.

Additional Configuration (Optional):

You can customize the configuration by editing the prometheus-node-exporter-values.yaml file. Adjust settings such as scraping intervals, additional collectors, or labels.

Congratulations! You have successfully set up Prometheus Node Exporter on your Kubernetes cluster. This integration provides valuable insights into the health and performance of your nodes, allowing for effective monitoring and troubleshooting. As your Kubernetes environment evolves, regularly revisit and update your monitoring setup to meet the changing needs of your applications.

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